The chair was founded in September 1994 by an endowment of Mannesmann Mobilfunk GmbH, Düsseldorf, Germany. After the acquisition of Mannesmann Mobilfunk by Vodafone Group Ltd. in 2000, the chair changed its name to Vodafone Chair.

The objective of the Vodafone Chair Mobile Communications Systems at the TU Dresden is to carry out leading-edge research which adds to the advancement of wireless communications technology, by working on industry relevant problems related to next generation wireless systems. Thorough fundamental research as well as close industry cooperation are key to the success of our projects. Wireless/mobile communications is mainly driven by three branches of industry, namely : network operators, equipment manufacturers and semiconductor manufacturers.

...with each branch having a different view on problems and solutions. It is highly important that each of these different viewpoints is addressed in the research work, to ensure that the results have practical relevance and significance. The Vodafone Chair therefore welcomes industry contacts and partnerships to help meet this objective.

The chair's current focus lies on physical layer research, with a special emphasis on wireless radio network problems (wireless networks capacity), wireless modems (baseband algorithms), RF imperfections ("Dirty RF"), and IC implementation architectures. Of particular interest are problems and solutions which are found in a tradeoff between these focus areas. Chair projects shall also enable researchers to start-up their own company after obtaining their degree, based on the work performed at the chair.